Highly tolerant of dry sites, many cultivars of mountain laurel have been developed for the garden and for rehabilitating disturbed or eroded sites. Omissions? © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Leaves are evergreen measuring 2-3 inches long. These forests are thought to be highly dependent on moderate- to high-intensity fires [ 112 ]. The Mountain Laurel seed was a commodity that was much sought after by Native Americans. Showy clusters of white flowers add glory to these handsome dwarf shrubs. The Mountain Laurel can reach a height of 6.1 Meters (20 feet). Like other species of Kalmia (named for Peter Kalm) that share its poisonous quality and elastic stamens, it is an acid-soil plant. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. Mountain laurel has become more abundant over the last century, as overstory chestnuts have fallen to blight and oaks have been defoliated by gypsy moths. The leaves of the mountain laurel are as bad as the flowers. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. Mountain laurel is also called ivybush, calico bush, sheep laurel, lambkill, clamoun, and spoonwood (native Americans used to make spoons from the wood). This popular plant is often used as a flowering, evergreen shrub but, with time and proper pruning, it can be trained to grow as a small, multi-trunked tree. The Mountain laurel plant leaves are alternate, with each leaf shiny and entire. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. The rosy, pink, or white flowers appear in large clusters above the foliage. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Mountain Laurel is found in rocky hills or elevated ground in most parts of United States measuring 4-8 ft. high with crooked stems and rough bark. The mountain-laurel can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. Take care when wrapping it to ensure air circulation is not blocked. It can be trained as a tree, espalier or hedge. Mountain laurel is a member of the heath or heather family, Ericaceae. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Useful as a landscape accent, informal hedge or border where its flowers can be enjoyed. Mountain laurel, (Kalmia latifolia), Flowering evergreen shrub of the heath family, occurring in most mountainous regions of eastern North America. Mountain laurel is one of the few broad-leaved plants native to Pennsylvania that do not lose their leaves in the winter. Types of … A part of Pennsylvania's folklore as the state flower and also studied by scientists for its biomechanics, this broadleaf evergreen abounds in mystique. Full to partial sun. -hardwood forest. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Learn More... *APR = Annual Percentage Rate. Here a few facts about the offending insects and tips on how to revive your mountain laurels. Exploitably Vulnerable. The Texas Mountain Laurel (Calia secundiflora) is well-known for its pendulous clusters of purple, fragrant flowers that look as good as they smell. Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is an evergreen shrub with beautiful spring flowers that thrives in the shade. Also known as 'Texas mountain laurel,' this evergreen shrub can get up to 15 feet high by 10 feet wide. Cytotoxic principles from the sap of Kalmia latifolia. It tolerates our heat, can take part to full and even reflected sun. The name Calico-bush comes from the pink-trimmed waxy white blossoms. If your Mountain Laurel shrubs are infected by pests and you don’t know how to repair and manage the problem, read on. The rosy, pink, or white flowers appear in large clusters above the foliage. New plantings need 2 inches (5 cm.) Flowers are numerous, white found in June and July. Mountain laurel is also called ivybush, calico bush, sheep laurel, lambkill, clamoun, and spoonwood (Native Americans used to make spoons from the wood). Full sun. Learn all the details on how to grow, plant and care for this pretty bush. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for mountain laurel. It grows to about 3–18 feet (1–6 metres) in height and has oval leaves. The fragrant star-shaped white and pink flowers have attracted travelers since early colonial days (first recorded in America in 1624). Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? If the flowers are not deadheaded, nondescrip… Native Americans also used the wood for carving bowls and other tools. New York. View abstract. If your mountain laurel is not protected from wind by a natural shelter, create a protective screen out of burlap to protect it. Mountain laurel will grow in USDA Zones 5 to 9 in deep shade to full sun, but it does best in moderate to partial shade. Unfortunately, there are a number of pests of mountain laurel that you will have to contend with if you want to grow this beautiful shrub. The perfect plant for your shade garden! Mancini SD, Edwards JM. mountain-laurel. Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product? The Cherokee used mountain laurel leaves as an analgesic, and as a topical remedy for rheumatism. of water each week for the first season. Updates? All information will be used in a manner consistent with the WebMD, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. Wetland Status. Mature Size The mountain-laurel grows to a height of 7–15' and a spread of 7–15' at maturity. Facts About Mountain Laurel Mountain Laurel is a flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to the eastern USA, from southern Maine to northern Florida, and west to Indiana and Louisiana. Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: How Dangerous Is It? It is the namesake of Laurel County in Kentucky, the city of Laurel, Mississippi, and the Laurel Highlands in southwestern Pennsylvania. Mountain Laurel Facts Mountain laurel is an evergreen shrub native to the eastern United States (from southern Maine to northern Florida and west to Indiana and Louisiana). It has beautiful spring blooms, and its elliptical, glossy deep-green leaves (resembling those of rhododendrons) and gnarled stems make it attractive in all seasons. CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: mountain laurel. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is a familiar shrub. The leaves can induce staggering, convulsions, difficulty with breathing and drooling. Corrections? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is flowering broadleaf evergreen shrub with a multi-stemmed growth habit. Can be trained as a nice espalier or patio tree. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. J Nat Prod 1979;42:483-8. It … The shrub is popular in landscape plantings. All parts of the plant are toxic if ingested in significant quantities. It also recovers well after fire. Mountain laurel is the primary understory species of xeric pine (Pinus spp.) All rights reserved. Mountain laurel, (Kalmia latifolia), Flowering evergreen shrub of the heath family, occurring in most mountainous regions of eastern North America. This slow growing evergreen may be grown as a medium to large shrub or trained to a single or multi-trunk tree. Texas mountain laurel (Sophora secundiflora), also known as mescal bean, is an attractive evergreen shrub that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11. Slow grower to 3 to 4 feet tall and wide. Mountain laurel is a pretty flowering shrub that zone 5 through 9 gardeners like to use for screening, borders, and other yard elements. Beginning in late spring and early summer, clusters of delicate blooms open in umbrella-like fashion in red, pink or white. Like most rhododendrons and azaleas, mountain laurel needs soil with an acidic pH. Mountain Laurel does particularly well in the Appalachian Mountains and can be found in much of the eastern United States. Broad-Leafed Laurel, Calico Bush, Kalmia à Feuilles Larges, Kalmia latifolia, Lambkill, Laurel, Laurel de Montaña, Laurier Américain, Laurier d’Amérique, Laurier des Montagnes, Mountain Ivy, Rose Laurel, Sheep Laurel, Spoon Laurel. Multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Flowers are round which ranges from light pink to white forming in clusters. Tissue culture. Mountain laurel is the state flower of Connecticut and Pennsylvania. This forest type is common on southerly facing slopes in the southern and central Appalachians, adjacent foothills, piedmont, and coastal plains. A showy shrub native to eastern North America, mountain laurel is closely related to azaleas and rhododendrons. This shade-loving shrub produces clusters of rose, pink, or white flowers with purple markings in late May to early June. Evergreen. It grows to about 3–18 feet (1–6 metres) in height and has oval leaves. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. The shrub is… Seed grown. Showy, pea-like fragrant violet-blue flowers in terminal clusters create a wonderful display in spring. The 'Texas mountain laurel' grows in poor soil with good drainage. The average sprinkler system delivers about an inch (2.5 cm.) The fresh or dried leaves are used to make medicine. Slow-growing shrub to 10 to 15 feet tall and wide; to 25 feet high, 15 to 20 feet wide as a tree. Overview Information Mountain laurel is a plant. This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. The appropriate dose of mountain laurel depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. 'Tiddywinks' - A fine semi-dwarf form of K. l. f. myrtifolia, this plant has excellent branching and develops a low compact, mounded habit. Auto Loan rates starting as low as 2.19% APR* for up to 48 months on new and used 2016-2021 vehicles. Evergreen. When I first moved into my house, it was a brand new builder grade house. The Texas Mountain Laurel is a drought-tolerant evergreen shrub with dark, shiny leaves and large drooping clusters of purple flowers that smell oddly like grape bubblegum. It grows in a large, rounded mound and has dark green foliage that remains on the plant all year. The shrub is popular in landscape plantings. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. of water … Mountain laurel, (Kalmia latifolia), Flowering evergreen shrub of the heath family, occurring in most mountainous regions of eastern North America. Mountain laurel has a shallow root system and needs watering more often than most shrubs. The flowers give way to large seed pods filled with bright red seeds. The foliage is dark green, thick and leathery -- an attribute rarely found in white-flowered mountain laurel forms. It keeps its foliage year-round and blooms in a profusion of spring flowers. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty . Gear Up for Winter! The rosy, pink, or white flowers appear in large clusters above the foliage. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latafolia) is a plant species in the Georgia mountains, according to the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension. We currently have no information for MOUNTAIN LAUREL Interactions. The mountain laurel is an evergreen but is susceptible to winter burn. View Map. The flower buds are a strong pink and open to soft pink blooms. Mountain laurel, called also calico bush and spoonwood, is poisonous to livestock but seldom palatable; formerly its leaves were used as a remedy for skin diseases, and spoons were made from the hard wood. Mountain laurels display white, pink or red flowers and dark green foliage. Special Concern. Vitamins and Supplements to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? It grows to about 3–18 feet (1–6 metres) in height and has oval leaves. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? In late spring, it bears clusters of flowers in white, pink, and red. Good in containers. Facts About Mountain Laurel Mountain Laurel is a flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to the eastern USA, from southern Maine to northern Florida, and west to Indiana and Louisiana. This survey is being conducted by the WebMD marketing sciences department. While common, it is also extraordinary. Despite its beauty, mountain laurel is poisonous to animals and humans. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Texas mountain laurel grows in limestone soils in Central and Southwest Texas and to 5000 feet in the Chisos and Davis Mountains. Interpreting Wetland Status. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/mountain-laurel, United States Department of Agriculture - Mountain Laurel. It is unfortunate that, like the honey, the leaves taste just fine and animals are not put off from eating them. (check all that apply). 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