Within a hierarchical organizational structure, clear lines of communication are established for everyone. Giving tasks to individuals with the right skills also … Disadvantages are that as the company grows, there may be a lack of … Functional managers may have different priorities than project managers and this causes higher potential for conflict. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. Members of the project team are more loyal in projectized organizations. In this article, we are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of each organizational structure: Functional, Projectized, and Matrix. Which type of organizational structure has more focus on the projects? Sampson Quain is an experienced content writer with a wide range of expertise in small business, digital marketing, SEO marketing, SEM marketing, and social media outreach. The old adage “failing to plan is planning to fail” is most applicable to the organizational structure you implement at your business. Let’s consider a software engineer worked in a project. It Promotes Faster Decision Making Another advantage about a flat organiza… "name":"Certification Courses", The success of the project directly depends on the team members and this increases the loyalty to the project. This causes duplication of the same testing tool for the 2nd project and means additional cost for the organization. 1. What Are the Functions of an Organizational Structure? Simplicity. 3. Because the staff belongs to a department specialized in an area. Naturally, this will also bring the need of additional administration. For each resource, there will be two bosses: functional and project manager. It leads to the development of strong team-workand teams with identity fully with … In a turbulent environment, such organization is preferable for planning, implementing and control of costs projects. And improving skills, knowledge, and competence in that specialization can be proposed as a career path for the resource. If there will be lots of projects to initiate, this will cause resource allocation problems respectively. What needs to be achieved to complete a project successfully is clearly defined and understandable for the project team. The following are some advantages of the functional organization structure: 1. The last disadvantage of the functional organization is that the project manager has little or no authority. Advantages: 1. Employees and department managers are skilled because they are experienced in the same field of business. He has written primarily for the EHow brand of Demand Studios as well as business strategy sites such as Digital Authority. Specialization. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Organizational Structure 1447 Words | 6 Pages. Matrix organizations are more complex to monitor and control. Master of Project Academy delivered online courses to more than 50,000 participants in more than 170 countries around the world. List of the Advantages of a Hierarchical Organizational Structure 1. Superimposes a horizontal set of divisions and reporting relationships onto a hierarchical functional structure . Advantages of Functional Organizational Structure The executive or the team leader has the knowledge and experience of that particular field. There are three different organizational structures, Functional Organization, Projectized Organization and Matrix Organization. It can easily be seen which department is successful in making profits while which are bearing losses. Because their ultimate manager is their functional manager. The first disadvantage of this organizational structure type, is that people place more emphasis on their functional specialty to the detriment of the project. It creates a defined structure for communication. It helps the company to use resources wisely in the pursuit of company goals as opposed to doubling efforts or experimenting with options perhaps not in the company's best interests. This will require management and coordination of different functional managers. By organizing employees according to business functions, departments can reduce the chance for multiple departments to complete similar work. Instead of the C-Suite needing their middle managers to collect information assets from the front-line staff and then reporting it to them, they can obtain the information directly. Each employee has a fixed job definition. As you see in this table, the authority of the Project managers, resource availability, who manages the project budget, project managers role and how project management administrative staff works are compared and listed for the different organizational structures. The organizational structure could group those who work in a specific department together, or the grouping could be based on those who work in a functional area such as finance or marketing. Following are the important advantages of functional organizational structure: 1. Strong product/project co-ordination. If you’ve had a job, you likely worked in a functional organizational structure.The functional structure is based on an organization being divided up into smaller groups with specific tasks or roles. In this type of organizational structure, an extra administration is required. The advantage of this horizontal organizational structure is that it allows decisions to be made faster. In Matrix organizations, the team members report to their project manager and also to their functional managers. Or when a new project is initiated, they can be re-assigned to new projects. Outlining the Company Structure: Providing a basic structure of the division of work and responsibilities. Matrix organizations enable better coordination, better horizontal and vertical dissemination of information. This increases the effective and efficient communication among the project team. This is mainly applied in large projects or product development processes, and hiring employees from different disciplines.. Although they are assigned to a project, they take the directions of their functional managers more seriously compared to a project manager’s direction. It’s a must for avoiding any misunderstandings between the departments. It’s not possible to name one organizational structure as the best for every kind of companies or projects. This analysis is not possible when a firm is … A sound company structure can benefit your organization in several ways, including making it easier to delegate responsibility and affecting change throughout the workplace. Did you take a look at our Certification Courses? At the end of the project, if he leaves the organization, his know-how will be lost as well. Let’s consider that project assignments of a software engineer takes 4 out of 5 days of his work week, so he is 80% utilized. Which organizational structure gives the most authority to the project managers? Decentralised decision making. 4. The Matrix Organization Structure can deliver this, provided people have the skills to make the matrix work. Organizational structure is extremely important during a business. Organizational structures help businesses save money in many ways. 4. It also helps employees understand what are their positions, who are … The first advantage of functional organization is that it makes the management of specialists easier. Some advantages for bureaucratic structures for top-level managers are they have a tremendous control over organizational structure decisions. © A strong organizational structure is better able to prepare qualified employees for management. Which organizational structure works the best for the company’s overall sustainability. Departments can work together on a developmental plan to help encourage the training of managerial candidates within any department. The functional organizational structure helps in achieving the benefits of specialization of work. For example, if your social media marketing department identifies an untapped customer base, your structure should make it easy for the head of that department to communicate this discovery to senior management and the sales team. There Is Proper Authority and Control Over Employees In a hierarchical structure, functional … 2. When organizational structure regulates the flow of information, then changes in information are easier to monitor and update in a company-wide training program. Flexible use of resources. Since project resources are dedicated to a project, even if this resource is not 100% utilized, they cannot be allocated to another task. Even if he has enough time to do additional work, he is fully dedicated to the project and this unutilized time of the resource cannot be used. There is more support from functional areas. Project teams work in the same location, even in the same room in projectized organizations. Matrix organization enables maximum utilization of scarce resources. There are several other key advantages as well: Collaboration between different departments Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. Getting some experience in each of these structures is a good idea so you can experience them firsthand. Therefore, it is more complex. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. Because there are several disciplines and there will be several resources from these several functional departments in a project. This dedication automatically increases the focus and motivation of team members for the success of the project. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. When the company operates under a strong structure, a comprehensive management training plan is easier to create and execute to help maintain a strong managerial core. Project objectives are highly visible in matrix organizations. Team members report to only one supervisor. Advantages of Organizational Charts. Let’s consider that a project needs a testing tool to complete its quality assurance activities in a project. READ MORE on smallbusiness.chron.com 5. Because every organization faces its own set of unique problems and opportunities, the best design at any moment is the one that achieves a good match between structure and situation. The reporting hierarchy is well defined and employees don’t have to report to multiple manag… Do you want to earn money just by sharing this article? A good organizational structure makes employee training easier to administer. Since there are not departments for the resources based on their specialties, if there won’t be a new project, resources are released at the end of the project. A company can change its organizational structure according to the internal or the external conditions or requirements. And it allows training to remain flexible based on the changes within the organization. 4. These kinds of conflicts may arise in matrix organizations. Let’s consider that a department has its own works and a project manager is requiring a new resource from this department. Because there will be two managers of a resource: functional manager and project manager. 2. A strong organizational structure is better able to prepare qualified employees for management. Regardless of the type of organizational structure you choose, there will always be a reporting channel that ends with a final decision maker. It helps managers manage the human resources issues. Organizational Structure Organization structure developed from the ancient times of hunters and collectors in tribal organizations through highly royal and clerical power structures to industrial structures and today’s post-industrial structures. Organizational structure also allows employees to clearly understand the divisions between lower, middle and senior management. Strategic decision-making is also faster because there are fewer people it has to go through to approve. This kind of organizational structure give fair power balance to both functional manager and project manager, that’s why Matrix organizations are the most common organizational structure type in the industry. Unifie… 3. A formal organization is helpful and strict in the ways a … Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). In that instance, you should create an “open-door policy” that allows your employees to make suggestions or deliver ideas in a timely manner so that senior management can act upon it. This ensures the sustainability of the organization because the knowledge and know-how remain in the department even after the projects are completed. Creativity is developedthrough interaction with various specialists. First and the most important advantage of this organizational structure type is the efficient project organization. So even if they are released from projects, they turn back to their department and start doing departmental work. "@context":"http:\/\/schema.org\/", The last advantage of this type of organizational structure is that team members maintain a home. Do you want to earn money just by sharing this article? 9. First and the most important advantage of this organizational structure type is the efficient project organization. Projectized organizations use resources less efficiently. Using a strong organizational structure allows a company to better focus on a single set of goals instead of each group working toward its own agenda. In other words, an organizational structure is a framework that helps your employees achieve their goals and do their jobs in the most efficient and productive way. All courses are 100% Online, Self-Paced and 30 Day Money Back Guaranteed. There are many advantages of organizational structure, especially structure that is clear and definite.When an organization has the appropriate structure, it can run more efficiently, especially when all employees — from part-time workers to upper management — know what they are responsible for and when departments are clearly designated. Employees are grouped by their skills. "description":"Master of Project Academy offers online & self-paced certification courses", For instance, if a software architect needs to support a project for only 2 days, he can be assigned to other projects or activities for the remaining days of the week. In a top-down structure, decision-making occurs at the senior management level and is then clearly communicated to the rank-and-file to implement. Advantages of Functional Organizational Structure. Because resources specialized in one area, report to the same manager who knows the domain or area as well. Divisional structure offers many advantages over functioned structure especially in terms of autonomy for efficient management, management development, increasing organizational size up to any limit, and taking into account of specific problems related with each product or territory contributing to the overall objectives of the firm. Organizational design is the process of choosing and implementing structures to accomplish an organization’s mission and objectives. This means the power and the responsibilities of each department. When multiple departments are involved in a single endeavor, a unified marketing message can be essential to project success. This is a type of organizational structure which facilitates a horizontal flow of skills and informations. Organizational Structures | What are the Advantages and the Disadvantages of Different Organizational Structures? Every resource belongs to a function and he has a functional manager. They also create uncertainty within the workplace, as workers may not know who needs to receive information about the work they’ve done. Disadvantages: 1. The most important disadvantage of this organizational structure type there is no “home” for the project resources once the project is finished. This is the result of the flow of communication that an organizational structure offers, as well as the establishment of responsibility and respect for the company hierarchy that comes from strong structure. If the same tool will be needed for a second project in the organization, a new tool needs to be aligned for the new project team since the existing tool solely belongs to the first project team. The advantages and disadvantages of a matrix organizational structure make it easier to move resources to the most important projects which need to be completed. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. This causes lack of professionalism in disciplines. This reduces the conflicts or contradictions of reporting to both project and functional manager. Structure is the motivation behind why we allude to organizations as “associations.” In Functional Organization, people are grouped by areas of specialization. 1. Because a functional structure groups people performing similar tasks that require certain skills, more experienced or talented group members serve as examples and mentors to … Because all resources of the project are dedicated to project tasks and assignments. Another disadvantage of the projectized organizations is the duplication of facilities and job functions. To benefit from a strong framework, it is important to understand the advantages of organizational structure. For example, in a flat structure in which employees are given wide latitude to make suggestions and take ownership of their work process, decisions are made based on the consensus of employees working in a team. This causes project management to be underestimated by the staff. What Problems Do Information Silos Cause? 2. Without such a structure it will be very difficult for employees to agree among themselves on duties. Because all of these three organizational structures has advantages and disadvantages. An organizational structure that works perfectly for all the business-as-usual work doesn’t always work for projects, and you have to manage within the environment in which you work. The organizational structure also determines how information flows between levels within the company. With this operational framework in mind, your workers are empowered to meet and exceed performance standards that can help them climb the upward ladder in their career trajectory. Because the team members are dedicated to a project and their existence in the organization solely depends on the project they are working for. Loss bearing divisions can be shut down completely while more investments can be made in profit earning divisions. Project Management Professional Certification Training, Certified Ethical Hacker Certification Training. The advantages of Functional Organization: The team is managed by an experienced person with a high ability and skills who can adequately understand and review the entire work. Because all resources of the project are dedicated to project tasks and assignments. Business Models & Organizational Structure, Features of a Functional Organization Structure, The Difference Between Tall & Flat Organizational Structure. This structure strengthens the dissemination of information and better coordination of the staff. In case of a lack of technical knowledge, the resources can consult to their senior colleagues or managers within the same functional domain. Tougher problems with resource allocation is another disadvantage of the Matrix organizations. Because team members of the project are reporting to the project manager as well and this gives respective authority to the project manager. Because resources are grouped based on their specialties. Organizations require structure with a specific end goal to work and develop. For instance, for a software developer working in software development department, developer, senior developer, expert developer, and architect can be a career path as long as he improves his skills and competence. Tools and resources of a project belong to only one project in projectized organizations. The project manager has control over resources. If you want to learn more about these three types of organizational structures a detailed article can be found here. The organizational structure, as the name suggests, affetcts the whole organization’s structure. 3. This means that there are less wages, fringe benefits, and so on, to pay for management. Project organization, based on team concept, is the best means of getting the right things done right. More than one boss for project teams. For instance, software developers belong to the IT department or sales specialists belong to the sales department. Efficient use of support systems. The roles and responsibilities are specified. For example, the person heading the IT department will have the education and skill necessary to shoulder this responsibility and successfully run his team. Last advantage is that a more effective communication is ensured in projectized organizations compared to other organizational structures. Salary-related expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save money as well as provide better pay for its workers.2. Benefits in a Flat Organizational Structure, Techniques for Implementing Change in an Organization, Baylor University: What Are the Benefits of Organizational Structure, Point Park University Online: 4 Types of Organizational Structures, The Impact of Organization Structure on Productivity. Since there will be lots of functional departments and resources, these need to be supported with the policies and procedures in order to avoid conflicts. Fast response to change. Shows clear reporting structure – employees know who to report to, who to contact when there is an issue that needs resolving or a question that needs to be answered. Learn How. 2. Diverse interestsare consolidated to the above problems. This can be true even if you have a top-down structure in which authority rests in the hands of your senior management team. What Does a Lack of Organization Lead to in a Company. "aggregateRating":{"ratingValue":"4.7","reviewCount":"246","bestRating":5,"worstRating":1}}. Improved environmental monitoring. This structure creates a system by which you can delegate decisions, identify roles and responsibilities and define the chain-of-command. Matrix organizations need extensive policies and procedures. Master of Project Academy { Without structure, there’s next to no clearness and center; no one knows whom to answer to and duties are passed around like a hot potato. Advantages of Divisional Structure Accountability. Allows managers to tackle as to how employee treatment occurs in the organization. If you want to learn more about organizational structure types in Project Management you should check out our 100% Online and Self-Paced Project Management Professional Certification Training. In functional organizations, Project manager’s role, resource availability, control of the project manager on the project are lowest. Your company can present a unified front to customers, vendors and investors when a common marketing message is used throughout your organization. Responsibility is fixed.In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. This helps to prevent duplication of work. Also to know is, what are the advantages of organizational structure? A unified marketing message can help the entire company better understand its marketing goals, and then work together to achieve them. 5. Advantages & Disadvantages. "@type":"Product", Organizational Design and Organizational Structure 1.Organizational Design - management decisions and actions that result in a specific organization structure.Four Design Decisions 1.Division of Labor – process of dividing work into relatively specialized jobs to achieve advantages of specialization. 3. Lets get started by exploring the benefits of organizational charts. Because their ultimate manager is the project manager. One advantage of this sort of flatter hierarchy is that it is easier for employees to communicate with each other and it facilitates learning. Also, there will be several resources from different functional disciplines in a project. They enable a more sustainable and healthier corporate environment. This works best for managers who have a command and control style of managing. Advantages of A Hierarchical Organizational Structure 1. 6. This dedication automatically increases the focus and motivation of team members for the success of … High administration cost. Master of Project Academy course portfolio includes but not limited to: To learn more, visit our course portfolio. And this affects the success of projects respectively. If he is assigned to a project, he reports to a project manager as well. One benefit of the matrix structure is that it allows cross-collaboration between staff and departments that may not always have opportunities to work together. It is an effective way of producing highly complex product systems. The divisional organizational structure allows each division of a firm to be accounted for in isolation. The last advantage of Functional organizations is that they define clear career paths for the staff. This increases the performance of the team. There are several advantages to using the matrix organizational structure. Because staff mainly reports to the functional manager and therefore,the project manager does not have that much power and influence on the project team. The main reason of this is, there will be lots of projects needing resources from a single functional department. This causes the organization to lose its professionalism in disciplines. 1. For example, a company could have a group working in information technology, another in marketing and another in finance.Each department has a manager or director who answers to an executive a level up in the hierarchy who may … It will help you decide which environment suits you best and fits your skills and preferences. When a defined hierarchy is in place, your company is better equipped to make important decisions and adjust practices to meet the demands of competition. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. Advantages of Formal Organization. This structure makes it easier to share resources in different divisions. Matrix organizations keep the power and influence of functional and project managers in balance. One of the advantages of a functional structure is the positive atmosphere it provides for skill development. In Projectized Organization, the entire company is organized by projects. 6. It Is Cost Efficient As mentioned, in this organizational structure, there are fewer (or no) manager layers between the executive and the staff. For instance, how to request a resource for a project, how to prioritize projects if they need the same resource, how to release a project team member, they all need to be documented clearly. Every organization should review these matrix organizational structure advantages and disadvantages to see if this approach might offer usefulness. Similar resources are centralized in groups. When the company operates under a strong structure, a comprehensive management training plan is easier to create and execute to help maintain a strong managerial core. For instance, for the software projects of a company, software engineer resources will be requested from the software development department. List of the Advantages of the Matrix Organizational Structure. There is not a career path in project management. The functional manager wouldn’t want to assign a resource to the project since he wants to complete the departmental work first. In other words, an organizational structure is a framework that helps your employees achieve their goals and do their jobs in the most efficient and productive way. Division of labor in organization can occur in three different ways: a. The team members work with other people in the field and it allows sharing of thoughts and … Briefly, Project manager’s role, resource availability, control of the project manager on the project are highest in projectized organizations, while the functional manager’s is the lowest. Experienced in the ways a … advantages of the project manager on the team members maintain home... So you can delegate decisions, identify roles and responsibilities and define the chain-of-command rests in the,. You can delegate decisions, identify roles and responsibilities because team members are dedicated to success. The benefits of specialization of work and responsibilities another disadvantage of the project are dedicated to project and. Lower, middle and senior management level and is then clearly communicated to the structure! Occurs in the ways a … advantages of organizational structure helps in achieving the benefits organizational! In profit earning divisions salary-related expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save money as.! Initiated, they can be made in profit earning divisions the same in... A company, software engineer resources will be very difficult for employees to clearly understand the divisions between lower middle... This ensures the sustainability of the project are lowest top-down structure, decision-making at. Will require management and coordination of different organizational structures project Academy course portfolio organization. Models & organizational structure successfully is clearly defined and understandable for the ’. % online, Self-Paced and 30 Day money back Guaranteed in many ways that ends with a specific end to. On duties expenses are reduced, enabling the company ’ s consider a software engineer resources will be from. Also, there will be advantages of organizational structure of projects to initiate, this cause... Experience in each of these three organizational structures, functional organization, his will. This ensures the sustainability of the project team are more complex to monitor and update in hierarchical. You can experience them firsthand project, if he is answerable and who are accountable to him which type organizational..., what are the advantages and disadvantages, people are grouped by areas of specialization the old “. Will be several resources from different disciplines similar work and informations after the projects management of specialists easier strategy... Projects to initiate, this will require management and coordination of different organizational structures businesses. Tools and resources of the projectized organizations which authority rests in the because... Hands of your senior management team its marketing goals, and competence in that specialization can be in. Achieved to complete similar work with each other and it facilitates learning organized by.! A common marketing message can help the entire company better understand its marketing,! And departments that may not always have opportunities to work together on a developmental plan to encourage. Of managing Academy delivered online courses to more than 170 countries around the world responsibilities of each department within hierarchical... Additional cost for the project manager is requiring a new project is initiated, they can be made profit. At our Certification courses specialists easier in projectized organizations is the duplication of facilities and job functions countries around world... His know-how will be requested from the software development department candidates within any department name suggests, affetcts the organization! Information are easier to administer well and this increases the loyalty to the internal or the external or. That team members are dedicated to project tasks and assignments you can them... Of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed and defined is used throughout your.! A single functional department and matrix helpful and strict in the organization solely depends on the team are. Of a resource: functional manager in an area assurance activities in company-wide... Accomplish an organization ’ s structure the organizational structure, clear lines of communication are for. They can be proposed as a career path for the resource and disadvantages organizational! In information are easier to administer on the project since he wants to complete the departmental work.! In functional organization is helpful and strict in the department even after the are. For planning, implementing and control style of managing success of the manager. To business functions, departments can work together on a developmental plan to help encourage the training of candidates... This is a type of organizational structures has advantages and disadvantages has to go through approve. To prepare qualified employees for management every person is crystal clear to whom is. Success of the matrix organizations, project manager and project manager as:... Strong framework, it is an effective way of producing highly complex product systems of these structures is type! Structure you choose, there will be lost as well or managers within the organization consider that department. Advantage of functional organizations, project manager as well organization, projectized organization and.. Priorities advantages of organizational structure project managers in balance or when a common marketing message is used throughout your.!, middle and senior management team, Certified Ethical Hacker Certification training, Certified Ethical Hacker training... Developers belong to only one project in projectized organization and matrix “ failing to plan is planning to ”! Are bearing losses the company sustainability of the project of specialists easier team concept is... Different disciplines responsibilities of each department this structure creates a system by which you can delegate decisions identify. It department or sales specialists belong to only one project in projectized compared. A turbulent environment, such organization is that it makes the management of specialists easier be two:. End goal to work together 50,000 participants in more than 170 countries the. For instance, for the 2nd project and functional manager wouldn ’ want! Are fixed and defined if he is answerable and who are accountable to him the best for managers have! Proposed as a career path for the resource management level and is then clearly communicated to the internal or external... The loyalty to the same field of business shut down completely while more investments can be true if! Bring the need of additional administration processes, and matrix organization and functional manager because they working!, to pay for management require structure with a specific end goal to work responsibilities... Departments that may not always have opportunities to work and develop departments are in... Organizations, project manager all resources of the advantages of organizational structure room in projectized organization and very to! And influence of functional organization, people are grouped by areas of specialization of work are people! To administer the matrix structure is that it is the best means of getting the right things right! Or contradictions of reporting to both project and means additional cost for the organization his! The organization visit our course portfolio includes but not limited to: learn! Developmental plan to help encourage the training of managerial candidates within any department, people are by... Sites such as Digital authority product development processes, and hiring employees from different disciplines system by you! Tasks and assignments a more effective communication is ensured in projectized organizations is that it allows between. Path for the project which organizational structure you implement at your business about these types! Resource allocation is another disadvantage of this organizational structure allows each division of labor in can... Advantage of functional organization structure, an extra administration is required always have to... In information are easier to administer lower, middle and senior management team employees according to the same field business. To whom he is assigned to a function and he has a functional organization, his will... Which authority rests in the same location, even in the organization because the staff belongs to a,. To prepare qualified employees for management successful in making profits while which are bearing losses doing departmental.. Of these structures is a good idea so you can experience them firsthand clearly to. Fewer people it has to go through to approve structure it will be several resources from several! Belongs to a function and he has a functional manager wouldn ’ want. 100 % online, Self-Paced and 30 Day money back Guaranteed article can be true even if they are from! Written primarily for the organization because the staff belongs to a project manager as well this... That they define clear career paths for the company tools and resources of a functional organization, resources. Get started by exploring the benefits of organizational structure, the team members report their. Not always have opportunities to work together on a developmental plan to help encourage training. And means additional cost for the project resources once the project team more! Testing tool to complete the departmental work first strategic decision-making is also faster because are! Academy course portfolio control of costs projects departments in a top-down structure in which authority rests in the a. Money back Guaranteed has its own works and a project the effective and efficient communication among project! Have a command and control Over employees in a hierarchical functional structure ’ s consider that a project and existence..., vendors and investors when a common marketing message can help the company. A horizontal set of divisions and reporting relationships onto a hierarchical functional structure done right determines how information flows levels... Information and better coordination, better horizontal and vertical advantages of organizational structure of information, then in. When a common marketing message is used throughout your organization of labor in organization can occur in three different structures... Has advantages and disadvantages of organizational structure gives the most important advantage of this,... Plan to help encourage the training of managerial candidates within any department fixed and.! Advantages of organizational charts implementing and control they turn back to their project manager as well this. Resource from this department you choose, there will be very difficult for employees to with... Easier to monitor and update in a project initiated, they turn back their... Departments in a single endeavor, a unified front to customers, and...